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Vaginitis information. [Apr. 17th, 2006|03:19 pm]
Indiana Youth Counsel
peercounsel
Signs and Symptoms
Some women have no symptoms. In women, watch for itching, burning, or pain in the vagina, excess vaginal discharge, change in the appearance or smell of discharge. Some men also have no symptoms, but watch for urinary tract infection (UTI), frequent urination, and/or discharge from the penis.

Ways To Contract
Pregnancy, antibiotics, birth control pills, menstruation, and diabetes can lead to vaginitis. It can be spread during sexual intercourse, oral sex, or anal sex.

Treatment
Untreated, you can still pass it on to your sexual partner(s). Uncomfortable symptoms will continue. Men can get infections in the prostate gland and urethra.
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Chlamydia information. [Apr. 17th, 2006|07:40 pm]
Indiana Youth Counsel
peercounsel
Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms appear 7 - 21 days after the infection is contracted. Most women and some men have no symptoms. Women might notice discharge from the vagina, bleeding from the vagina between periods, burning or pain when you urinate, and/or pain in the abdomen, sometimes with fever and nausea. Men might notice a watery, white drip from the penis, and/or burning or pain when you urinate.

Ways To Contract
Chlamydia is spread during sexual intercourse, oral sex, or anal sex with an infected partner.

Statistics
Chlamydia is the most frequently reported bacterial sexually transmitted disease in the United States. In 2002, 834,555 chlamydial infections were reported to CDC from 50 states and the District of Columbia. An estimated 2.8 million Americans are infected with chlamydia each year.
(information taken from www.cdc.gov)

Treatment
Left untreated, Chlamydia can cause infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease, chronic pelvic pain, and a potentially fatal ectopic pregnancy, which is when a fertilized egg implants itself outside of the uterus, e.g. the fallopian tubes. Chlamydia can be easily treated and cured with antibiotics.
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Syphilis information. [Apr. 17th, 2006|02:39 pm]
Indiana Youth Counsel
peercounsel
Signs and Symptoms
In the first stage, symptoms show up 1 - 12 week after having sex. A painless, reddish-brown sore on the mouth or gentials appears, lasts 1 - 5 weeks, and goes away. When the sore goes away, you still have Syphilis. In the second stage, symptoms show up 6 weeks - 6 months after the sore appears. Look for a rash anywhere on the body and flu-like feelings. The rash and flu-like feelings go away. but you still have syphilis.

Ways To Contract
Syphilis is spread during sexual intercourse, oral sex, or anal sex with an infected partner.

Statistics
www.cdc.gov lists extensive reports on Syphilis statistics.

Treatment
Untreated, Syphilis can cause heart disease, brain damage, blindness, and death. A mother with Syphilis can pass it on to her baby during childbirth. Antibiotic therapy can treat this infection.
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Herpes Information [Mar. 24th, 2006|08:05 pm]
Indiana Youth Counsel
peercounsel
Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms show up 2 - 30 days after having sex. Some people have no symptoms. You may experience flu-like symptoms, itching and/or burning, and notice small, painful blisters on the sex organs or mouth. They last 1 - 3 weeks. The blisters go away, but that doesn't mean that the herpes is gone. Blisters may come back.

Ways To Contract
Herpes is spread during sexual intercourse, anal and oral sex with someone who has herpes, or a mother with herpes can transmit it to her baby during childbirth.

Statistics
One in four adults have herpes. There are approximately one million new cases of herpes each year. More women than men have herpes. Approximately thirty million Americans have the herpes virus. There are about 500,000 new cases each year in America. Approximately 80% of persons having a first episode caused by HSV-2 will have at least one recurrence, while only 50% of persons with HSV-1 will experience a recurrence. About 50 percent to 80 percent of the adult population in the United States has oral herpes. Twenty percent to 25 percent of pregnant women have genital herpes. In women, the cervix is infected in about 80% to 90% of initial infections, and vaginal discharge may occur. Some people may experience several outbreaks during a year, while others have only 1 or 2 outbreaks during their lifetime. The average number of outbreaks is 4 to 5 a year. Genital herpes is the most prevalent viral sexually transmitted disease. There are more cases of genital herpes than there are all the other viral STDs combined. Studies have shown that the vast majority (80-90%) of people who have genital herpes have not been diagnosed with the condition.
(information taken from herpesclinic.com)

Treatment
Genital herpes cannot be cured, but there are genital herpes treatment options available.
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HIV/AIDS information [Mar. 10th, 2006|06:15 pm]
Indiana Youth Counsel
peercounsel
Signs and Symptoms
The first thing that happens after infection is that many people develop a flu-like illness. This may be severe enough to look like glandular fever with swollen glands in the neck and armpits, tiredness, fever and night sweats. Some of those white cells are dying, virus is being released, and for the first time the body is working hard to make correct antibodies. At this stage the blood test will usually become positive as it picks up the tell-tale antibodies. This process of converting the blood from negative to positive is called `sero-conversion'. Most people do not realise what is happening, although when they later develop AIDS they look back and remember it clearly. Most people have produced antibodies in about twelve weeks.
(from globalchange.com)

Ways To Contract
All mouth to genital, or genital to genital activities involve some risk. Oral sex with a man, taking semen into one’s mouth or swallowing it, oral sex on a woman during menstruation, or anal intercourse with a condom, are considered low risk activities for contracting HIV. Unprotected anal or vaginal intercourse and sharing needles is considered a high risk situation for contracting HIV. Mutual masturbation, dry kissing, body rubbing, or rimming with a barrier are all considered no risk situations.
(from AIDS and HIV Questions)

Statistics
In 2004, the estimated number of diagnoses of AIDS in the United States was 42,514. Adult and adolescent AIDS cases totaled 42,466 with 31,024 cases in males and 11,442 cases in females. Also in 2004, there were 48 AIDS cases estimated in children under age 13. The cumulative estimated number of diagnoses of AIDS through 2004 in the United States is 944,305. Adult and adolescent AIDS cases total 934,862 with 756,399 cases in males and 178,463 cases in females. Through the same time period, 9,443 AIDS cases were estimated in children under age 13.
(from CDC HIV/AIDS)

Prevention
* See your doctor if you think you have HIV.
* Have safer sex. If you do choose to have a sexual relationship, make sure to practice safer sex. Having safer sex means using a male or female latex condom correctly and consistently, for every sexual act. No exceptions. This will also prevent you from getting other STDs. Click here for more information about other STDs. If you have questions about how to have safer sex, talk with a doctor.
* Use condoms. Be aware that condoms don't provide complete protection against HIV-the only sure protection is abstinence (not having sex of any kind). But using latex condoms the right way, all the time, can help protect you from HIV. The use of latex condoms and dental dams (thin piece of latex for oral sex) can help protect you from getting HIV.
* Use only water-based lubricants. If needed, use only water-based lubricants (like K-Y® jelly) with male condoms. Don't use oil-based lubricants, such as Vaseline. It may cause the condom to rip. But you can use oil-based lubricants with female condoms. Remember, protecting yourself from body fluids is the best way to decrease your chances of getting HIV!
* Don’t use nonoxynol-9. Some contraceptives, like condoms, have nonoxynol-9 (N-9). This may help prevent pregnancy, but will not help protect you from HIV. In fact, research has found that it can actually make it easier for a virus to get into your body.
* Know that not all types birth control will protect you from HIV. Other methods of birth control, like birth control pills, shots, implants, or diaphragms, will not protect you from HIV. If you use one of these methods, be sure to also use a latex condom or dental dam (used for oral sex) correctly every time you have sexual contact.
* Limit your number of sexual partners. Your risk of getting HIV goes up with the number of partners you have.
* Don't share needles. Don't share needles or drug injection equipment for illegal drugs like heroin and cocaine and legal drugs like steroids and vitamins. If you get a tattoo or body piercing, make sure the needles are sterile (clean).
* Talk with your partner. Learn how to talk with your sexual partner about HIV and using condoms. It's up to you to make sure you are protected. Remember, it's YOUR body! If you are living with HIV, be sure to tell your partner. To learn how to talk to your partner, go to www.women-alive.org/healthy_loving/involving.htm or www.plannedparenthood.org/bc/condom.htm.
* If you are pregnant, get tested for HIV. Get screened as soon as you think you may be pregnant. The longer you wait, the more harm you may do to your baby.
* Talk to your doctor about taking medicine if you're HIV+ and pregnant. If you are HIV positive and pregnant, you can lower the chances of giving HIV to your baby by taking a drug like AZT during pregnancy, labor, and delivery and having your baby take AZT for the first six weeks of life.
* See your doctor if you think you have HIV. Seek medical help right away.
* Don't douche. Douching removes some of the normal bacteria in the vagina that protects you from infection. This can increase your risk of getting HIV.
(from 4woman.gov)

Treatment
advert.org is an excellent source on information on the treatment of HIV.
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Genital Warts Information [Mar. 10th, 2006|06:13 pm]
Indiana Youth Counsel
peercounsel
Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms show up 1 - 6 weeks after having sex. Look for small, bumpy warts on the sex organs and anus, itching, or burning around the genitals. The warts to not go away.

Ways To Contract
Genital warts are spread through sexual intercourse, oral sex, and anal sex with someone who has genital warts.

Treatment
Without treatment, genital warts can be transmitted to your sexual partner. More warts can grow and become harder to get rid of. A mother with warts can give them to her baby during childbirth. They may lead to precancerous conditions. Warts can be removed by freezing, burning, laser treatment, or with acid.
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